Tuesday, March 12, 2019
Social Work Essay
History of amicable proceeding influences current passkey example In this essay I w hardship disclose(a)line the historical origins of fond survey in Ireland. I will examine how the profession emerged from munificence counterfeit in the 19th century to evolve into the profession it is today. To have with it is important to define the term societal realise. The Oxford English Dictionary (1989) defines hearty work as work of benefit to those in need of help, especially professional or willful service of a specialised spirit concerned with community welfare and family or sociable problems arising mainly from poverty, mental or physical handicap, maladjustment, delinquency etc. jibe to Skehill (1999) loving work in Ireland has evolved over for manikins all of which will be discussed in this essay. The prototypic of these was the emergence of affable work in the 19th century by unpaid work carried out by various organisations, followed by the be meters 20th centu ry when professional kind work in Ireland began, the terzetto flesh as described by Skehill (1999) saw the growth in tender work employ and training in Ireland.The final phase in the history of favorable work brings us from the 1950s up to the present day which has seen the development of kind work into the profession it is today. According to Skehill (1999) tender work in just about cases around the world has emerged from voluntary generosity. This is true for the case of neighborly work in Ireland. The history of social work in Ireland begins in the late 19th century, in which piety and charity played important roles. The beginning of social work foot be related to charity work. In England work similar to that of social work today was carried out by the Charitable Organisation Society. In Ireland in 1902 G.W. Williams developed a register for all charities operating in Dublin. He found that there were quadruple hundred and ane charities in Dublin at that time. All of these charities were operating separately. Charity work and philanthropy during the 19th century in Ireland was organised by various charities, institutions and individuals, for each one of these worked individually to help the ugly and those in need. Their work was in areas such(prenominal) as providing material resources, parenting skills and education.The rational for this philanthropy include a humanist concern, a desire to place the poor and in particular to regulate women and a concern for maintaining social order and morality. This philanthropy work that was carried out in the 19th century can now be set as various professions such asteaching, nursing and social work. along with this work and in addition to it Catholic and Protestant religious orders were carrying out charity work such as home visits to the poor, visiting prisons, workhouses, screen background up orphanages and schools and providing homes for unmarried mothers. The rivalry amongst the religions mean t that in addition to providing for the poor they were excessively trying to promote their religion. As stated in Luddy (1995) the differences amongst the Catholic and Protestant charities was the behavior in which they carried out their work.Catholic barrage charities tended to focus on providing a range of serve, whereas Protestant charities tended to provided services on a specialist basis. Religious orders at the time were opposed to verbalize intervention in semblance to educational and residential services and also more broadly within the area of philanthropy in the community. This was ground on the belief that charity could be best provided by voluntary services, who could distinguish between the deserving and undeserving poor. Catholicism remained very untouchable and influential in Ireland and so Catholic values and principles became a primaeval aspect to social work in Ireland up to the 1960s (Skehill, 1999). The azoic 20th century brought change to social work in Ireland. In the early hug drugs of the century, particularly until the 1930s social work continued to be dominated by voluntary charity work and religious orders, who concentrate on providing relief for the poor and providing institutional care for children, women, the disabled, mentally ill and others in need. Much of the charity work carried out at this time was focused on providing help for the deserving poor (Skehill, 1999).The Catholic church building continued to be influential in the delivery of social work and it saw social work as a means of providing apparitional assistance to the poor. Those who were deemed undeserving could avail of charity services if they would engage with the Catholic church service. As stated in Skehill (1999) An Annual writing in 1922 by the National Council of the Society of St Vincent de Paul explains how one man who was seen as world undeserving was given charitable help when he agreed to interpret to his religion. However the 20th cent ury was also the time when social work began to become more professionalised and emerged in Ireland as an occupation. In 1912 the maiden college itinerary in Civic and Social Work was established in Alexandra College in Dublin. According to Skehill (1999) In 1919 the introductory social worker was utilise in Ireland by the AdelaideHospital, Dublin, Miss Alcock was employed to work with individuals and families. undermentioned the employed of the first social worker, during the 1930s and the 1940s a crucial soma of social workers were employed in hospitals. In these early years of social work education, there was a range of views on what was the best kind of social work teaching. Despite courses cosmos offered by the Civic Institute of Ireland, most aspiring Irish social workers travelled to England or America for professional social work training. The 20th century saw the growth and evolution of social work in Ireland both in terms of a growing snatch of trained and employed social workers and also the work out of the voluntary and charity social work, very little difference existed between voluntary and professional social workers at this time (Skehill, 1999). The third phase in the history of social work in Ireland according to Skehill (1999) included the traditional charity work carried out by the Catholic Church but also saw the evolution of social work as an occupation. The Catholic Church exerted much power over the Irish say and society, this meant that social services developed in such a way as so the Church and its voluntary organisations could maintain power and watch over social services such as childcare, education, family support and working(a) with unmarried mothers in order to enforce their ideas in relation to the family and morality.From the mid(prenominal) 1960s the Irish State began to develop a comprehensive welfare programme which saw much of the responsibility for social services gaucherie from the Catholic Church to the Sta te. The profession of social work began to make significant progress following the States creation of positions in the public service. Yet the elaboration in social work occurred in an ad hoc nature found on the existing needs in areas such as wellness and probation with very little future planning. The major development in social work during the 1950s and 1960s was the expansion of training in Ireland. The first social science degree in Ireland was introduced in 1954 in University College Dublin. Following this Trinity College, Dublin introduced a social science degree in 1962, followed three years later by University College Cork. These social science degrees cover many social work topics and allowed graduates to work as social workers without being professional qualified. Although the number of social workers was still relatively low by the 1950s the profession had expanded and social workers were now working in areas such as psychiatry, adoptionand fostering (Skehill, 1999).As already discussed the number of professional social workers in Ireland began to grow form the 1950s, however the number of social workers in employment in the 1970s remained significantly low. A report by the Irish Association of Social Workers in 1971 states that there were ninety seven social workers with post graduate training working in Ireland. The majority of these social workers were employed as medical social workers. In addition to this social workers were employed by voluntary organisations, in industrial services and as psychiatric social workers. Only one social worker, who had a post graduate qualification, was employed working with children (Skehill, 1999).Phase four in the history of social work in Ireland according to Skehill (1999) is be by the expansion of the profession and plusd training of social workers. From the 1990s onwards there were increased employment opportunities. Much of this increased employment for social workers came from statutory agencies such as the Department of Health, Probation and Welfare services and Local Authorities. As stated in Christie (2005) by the end of the decade there were 1,390 social workers in Ireland, this number increased to just few than 2,000 by 2001. By 2001, the majority of social workers were working with children.Much of this increase in social work with children can be attributed to the increased sentiency of child wickedness and the raise in reported child abuse cases (Ferguson and OReilly, 2001). From a legislative basis The Child Care make out 1991, The Children Act 1997 and the Children Act 2001 have all included for the employment of surplus social workers (Irish Statute Book, 2013). As have reports such as The Ryan Report (Ireland. Department of Health and Children, 2009). In 1995 The National Validation Board on Social Work Qualifications and Training was set up. The aim of this organisation was to deliver the National Qualification of Social Work (NQSW) to professionally accredite d social workers. The organisation has done much work to raise the profile of social work in Ireland and to expand the knowledge and information in relation to social work. From 2013 social workers who wish to work in Ireland must be registered with CORU. CORU was set up to promote high standards of conduct, education, training and competence for social workers and other health and social care professionals (CORU, 2013). In conclusion social work in Ireland has had an interesting history from its initial development ascharity work by religious and secular organisations, through its educational development to its professional development. Social work has developed as a profession from its historical origins, where in 1919 there was just one employed social worker in the country, to today where there is over 2,000 social workers employed in Ireland (Trinity College Dublin, 2014).