Monday, April 1, 2019

American Television In The 1950s And 1960s

the Statesn Television In The 1950s And 1960sThe televisual archetype of pitch-dark sight had been a highly contested phenomenon since the picture lap distri just nowe of Amos n Andy in June 1951. It is believed that Amos n Andy defined for the early time the side of meat that television was to take in the postwar to represent Black race in America. In Amos n Andy, Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll created and fixed an witness of barrenness, black people believed, which made racist Americans fight against them more and more. The program lasted bonny two eld and was cancelled in the midst of growing avow by the black corporation in 1953. Because The Jeffersons not still was the first TV programs which qualityd African-Americans in leading pieces since the cancellation of the infamous Amos n Andy come out in 1953, but excessively the first television program to feature black couples. Because it was the first time television conveyed a rich, successful African Ame rican family, many people believed that the appearance of The Jeffersons was the first positive token of a new role model of Black African American families on television. However, John D.H.1 showed out that this television show may grow been just a typical of American television fare because media image of American of African descent have ranged from the blatantly to the latently racist. beat knows go around was, the first discolour family television sitcom and popular around 1950s-1960s. Therefore, I would like to use both The Jefferson and father knows stovepipe as examples to reckon how race was constructed by American televisual representation.Just a few years after the Second World War, how to attain and live the American ambitiousness became unrivaled of the close to prominent themes of the 1950s .Therefore, for helping Americans rebuild their dream, television program in 1950s was made as a cosmos of American dream rather than a reflection of society.2The televisio n producers believed when people conformed to the paragon of right families bring those family audiences stand up to the same aim and made people more enjoy the sitcom and their manners.3According to Census, in 1950, families with both the head and his wife present, were apparently the norm, storying for 87.1%. A non-couple abode was counted for 3.6%. The figure of breakaway female househ ageing just was 9.3%. it mean, during that period, most Americans call fored to moderate a family television shows which defined a household in elderly and nuclear terms, with the centre assumed to be a male breadwinner chief a household of his dependent wife and children.Therefore by adopting that idea, in Father knows best(p)s world Andersons family has an stop number-class, white-collar fathers, a stay-at-home wives, and two or three children whom lived in suburban. The television show offered viewers a square unified vision of the American family. In most episodes of Father knows best the stories were all about how the father helped the family find out one or two beneficial social formations from their bothday life. Moreover, by showing a special episode the importance of a strong American res publica in school, churched, civic organization , United State Treasury section promoted U.S. Saving Bones. Given the sitcom show title father who knows best, the television producers hoped that the way of lived in father who knows best would made the majority of Americans mute what real meaning of beneficial family was.Some contemporary historians vied, although the show suggested that the white-middle upper class nuclear family may be the most naturally beneficial for all,4many women in particular still experienced the detrimental aspects of and denotative a high level of frustration with this isolated, suburban nuclear unit.5Moreover, or so early(a) historians and sociologists made commented on how unfulfilling suburban life could be and how unthinkable its contradictory, gendered demands could seem.Early social scientist, Franklin Frazier6, unwittingly used the idea of beneficial family to argue a social thought of Black families on legacy of bondage and he believed slavery culture had left many Black families idle and female-dominated. Later, his ideas had been highly developing by Senator Moynihan at the height of the civil rights movement, which became the most politically-charged Black family issue of the century.By the end of the 1960s some revisionist scholars7challenged the point of view from early social scientist on African American families. The revisionist believed this perspective was narrow and they reclaimed the cultural heritage of African Americans, and rejected that effect that viable families had to conform to the male/breadwinner-female/homemaker structure. They described the holdive personality and functionality of Black families8and documented their strengths and survival strategies9. At the same time, revi sionist historians analyzed archival data from large plantations and argued that enslaved Black families ofttimes enjoyed relatively vibrant and abiding family lives, that men participated in and contributed to those families, and that Black people embraced the two-parent, patriarchal family ideal as much as they could10.People could found some reflections of revisionist scholars opinions in The Jeffersons . Because the show was the first television program which feature black couples and created by independent producers, Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin during the 1970s to early 1980s, it may helped people picture the real culture of African Americans.The Jeffersons did superficially seem very divers(prenominal) from Father knows best in many ways. Meanwhile both Father knows best and The Jeffersons adapted the same idea of nuclear family and both set the story in upper-middle class families. Neither family was wealthy neither family was exist by poverty or the continuing financial problem.The two programs seemed to go beyond male solidarity to centrality and superiority. This could be seen in their titles, the title father knows best speaks for Paternity. The Jeffersons did not make the statement very clearly through the title, but giving the family name of the breadwinner.Different from Father knows best, the story lines of the Jeffersons more rivet on the lives of George and his wife Louise Jefferson rather than their children. In The Jeffersons , George was a successful businessman, millionaire moreover his wife -Louise just was a former maid who was attempting to adjust her life from poor to rich. When they moved to a ritzy penthouse apartment on Manhattans natty and moneyed East Side with their son, Lionel, they try to fill their house with valuable furnishings. For quickly adapt the rich life, they even hired their knowledge black housekeeper, a wise-cracking maid named Florence.Compared to Jim Andersons kindness and politeness, George Jefferson was rude and selfish. He frequently called white people as honkies. and attempt to rebel against the rich upper-middle class which he was in. An article in Ebony magazine in 1979 referred to him as bombastic, frenetic, boastful, ill-mannered, prejudiced, and scheming. charge his wife, Louise, saw George as Wheezy and spent most of her time apologizing for him. Moreover, the funniest moments came with the retort between George and his maid Florence. She always called him Shorty and humiliated George but did not head for the hills a chance to put him in his place. This attitude was very problematic to see in Father knows best. I may argue that this could be seen as fragment of idea of the patriarchal family in African American culture, because women still in dominate position in family as old time.From the title, people should see George not only was a millionaire businessman- breadwinner of the family, but also the centre attention of the family. However in the show he often posi tioned himself as the buffoon of everyones joke. No one, not even his maid in additionk his terminology seriously. As the Ebony article described,11He was often the victim of his own acts a put-down that backfires, a contrivance that goes astray, an ego-filled balloon suddenly deflated.Patricia Mellencamp12believed that the ideal of beneficial families in tradition sitcoms portrayed the comic containment of women in tralatitious domestic roles-the holy man in the house. Margaret Anderson in Father knows best was in such role she was always on duty, preparing meals, cleaning the house, attending to the childrens need. However, someday, the angel in the house in Father knows best could rebel against her role and take a day off. But the situation of The Jeffersons was polar Louise Jefferson was a housewife with maid. Although she did not need to do any housework, she demands to work as slavery.When I first time watched The Jeffersons, I was not sure wherefore Georges behaviour in such rude manner and why Louise demand work as slavery. But the second time, I had a different opinion that this may be the slavery culture of African American. Morgan13argued that in order to understand such African American culture, one must procure more than a superficial understanding of American imprisonment of Africans, as slavery was the birthplace of African American culture. Conrad14made the contention in The Invention of the Negro he believed that in many respects, clear Americans created what became known as African American culture. Researchers insist that those interested in understanding and addressing the challenges faced by African American communities today. It must ask the origin of those African American communities. This investigation would necessarily begin in the era of American institutional slavery.Ogbu15made the argument more Profound. She suggests that African American culture is similar to that of other American nonage subcultures Jones16argued every subculture was different. African American culture was not similar to any other American subcultures. Jones emphasized that African American culture was the only minority culture in the United States that was founded and created in slavery. Sue17insisted that, Slavery was one of the most important factors that shaped the social, psychological, economic, educational, and political development of Black people. vanguard Deburg18maintained that the root cause of the present sociocultural differences in American society. However I believed the Slavery culture could be transmute by education. In later black family sitcom cowboy show, it was very badly to find any phenomenon of Slavery culture.The CBS took a conservative view in the black civil right movement to represent the black in 1970. As watching Amos n Andy twenty years ago, Americas black community remained divided in their assessment of this television program-even It brought a slight change in society . Many critics complain that The Jeffersons was too idealized and too exaggerated and failed to fully represent African American life. The television programs approximately changed the view of African American over the decades, but the way diagonal and fix images of African Americans had not progressed very far at all. notwithstanding the show was highly popular both in Black America audiences and white America audiences. It could be seem as not only the CBS want to representation of African Americans in general white American way but also black community appeal to adapt the traditional white families value and crossed lines of class and gender.Word account 1900

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