Sunday, May 26, 2019
The issue of religious exemptdom from a Catholic viewpoint has always been controversial, since Catholicism is not only when seen as a righteousness, in the historical sense, nevertheless also a great force in the political structure in the past. Dignitatis Hu military manae came about when the Vatican Council II faced passage of armss on what model of religious freedom was to be put before the Council. Traditionalists called for religious tolerance but claimed that an abstract right to religious license was relativistic or just now some aspects of religious liberty be dependent on different factors and cannot attain a definite standpoint.The contract bridge was mostly drawn from the first draft Unity by Cardinal Bea, the draft was part of the schema on ecu workforceism. These conflicts were encountered during the first sitting of the council. On the second session of the Council, conflict over a possible declaration on religious freedom continued. Materials used by variou s bishops were mainly from John Courtney Murrays draft. The conflict moved from arguments over the content to whether it would be voted on before the Council ends. During the third session, Declaration on sacred Liberty was approved by Theological Commission. on that point was an woo that certain voting be held on the third session but the Pope decided that it be moved to the next session. The final vote was interpreted and promulgated on the fourth session. Many issues were raised before the voting but the Declarations statement of development was a key issue. There were attempts to delay the voting again, arguing that support for the current text was uncertain. The declaration was approved on October 25, 1965 with only minor amendments and was promulgated December 7 of the alike(p) year.Religious freedom is vital to mans life, it is not just for Catholics but for all. Dignitatis Humanae is a declaration which focuses on how religious can be attained in a secular world. Its a de claration on how different sectors such as the government, the perform, and even individuals should interact, not just to achieve order but to elevate gentleman gravitas. In elevating human gravitas, universal justice is not difficult to attain. The heart of Dignitatis Humanae is religious freedom based on human dignity through reason and divine revelation.Human dignity here means mans very value, his nature and right to reason and his free will. Human dignity entails, since men are impelled by nature and bound by moral obligations, the search for truth, religious truth in particular. Once truth is kn throw, man is to adhere to it and order his life in accord to its demands. The declaration points out however, that men cannot do these obligations unless they enjoy immunity from external coercion and psychological freedom. Religious freedom as a right has its foundations not in the subjective or relativistic disposition but in mans very nature.The right to immunity does not only apply to those who adhere to the truth but even to those who do not live up to their obligation to try for the truth, provided that just public order be observed. The declaration states that in all his activity, a man is bound to follow his conscience in order that he may come to God, and it follows that he is not to be forced to act against his conscience nor restrained from acting according to his conscience, especially when it comes to religious matters. The reason for this is that the influence of religion consists in internal, voluntary, and free acts where man sets his life toward God.Going to the social nature of man, the declaration states that it is required that he should give external rumination to his internal acts of religion that he should profess his religion in community. Injury, as the declaration puts it, is done to the human person and to the order established by God for human life, if the free apply of religion is denied in society, provided just order is ob served. The role of the family, since it is a society in its own original right, has the right to freely live its own domestic religious life under the guidance of parents.Parents are given the right to determine the kind of religious education their children are to receive. As for the government, it mustiness recognize the right of parents to make a free choice of schools and of other means of education. The rights of parents are simply violated if their children are forced to attend instructions which are not in agreement with their religious beliefs. The government should also help create conditions favorable to the fostering of religious life, to enable people to exercise their religious rights and duties, and also that the society may profit by the moral qualities of justice and peace.The care of the right to religious freedom (devolves) upon the whole citizenry, upon social groups, upon government, and upon the Church and other religious communities. Lastly, the governments role is to see to it that equality of citizens before the law is not violated. Clearly, a wrong is committed when government imposes upon its people, by force or fear or other means. The declaration further states that all the more is it a violation of the will of God and the sacred rights of the person and the family of nations when force is brought to bear in any way in order to destroy religion.The right to religious freedom and its practice is subject to certain regulative norms. In the use of all freedoms, the moral principle of both personal and social responsibility must be observed. In the exercise of their rights, individual men and social groups are bound by the moral law to have respect for the rights of others and for their own duties. In attaining religious freedom in the society, men are to deal with their fellows in justice and civility. Dignitatis Humanae is one way of proving that Catholicism is not a religion of coercion but a religion of freedom and human dignity .One of the major tenets of Catholic doctrine that mans response to God in faith must be out of freedom or simply putting it, embracing the Christian faith is not be forced against mans will. The means of attaining religious freedom or the very expression of it should be an imitation of how Christ taught by word and example. Christ converted men to faith not through coercion but by the advocator of evangelization. Christ, in His time also acknowledged the power of government and its rights. The Church is following the way of Christ in faithfulness to the truth of the Gospel.Dignitatis Humanae should serve as a guide to the Catholic laity especially in its mission of evangelization, proclaiming the Gospel and the faith itself should not be imposed to non-Catholics or non-Christians. As the declaration states, where the principle of religious freedom is not only proclaimed in words or simply incorporated in law but also given sincere and practical application, there the Church succe eds in achieving a stable situation of right as well as of fact and the liberty which is necessary for the fulfillment of her divine mission.